While Palestinians celebrated, Israeli officials denounced the UN General
Government spokesman Mark Regev said the move had taken Palestinians and
Israelis out of a negotiating process.
The General Assembly voted resoundingly to recognise the Palestinians as a
non-member observer state on Thursday.
The Palestinians can now take part in UN debates and potentially join bodies
like the International Criminal Court.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said it was the "last chance to save the
two-state solution" with Israel.
There were celebrations on the streets of Ramallah in the West Bank as the
result was announced.
But Mr Regev, a spokesman for Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, denounced Mr
Abbas' bid as "litany of libellous charges against Israel".
"This is negative political theatre that takes us out of a negotiating
process. It's going to hurt peace," Mr Regev told the BBC.'New ball-game'
Some 138 members of the assembly, including many EU states, Russia, China,
India and Brazil voted in favour of recognising the Palestinians as a non-member
Israel the US and seven other states, including Canada, the Marshall Islands
and Panama, voted against the resolution. Forty-one nations including the UK and
"The General Assembly is called upon today to issue a birth certificate of
the reality of the State of Palestine," Mr Abbas told the assembly in New York
shortly before the vote.
Opponents of the bid say a Palestinian state should emerge only out of
bilateral negotiations, as set out in the 1993 Oslo peace accords under which
the Palestinian Authority was established.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called the vote "unfortunate and
counter-productive", saying it put more obstacles on the path to peace.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon also called for more talks, saying the
resolution underscored the need to resume meaningful peace negotiations.
The Palestinians are seeking UN recognition of a Palestinian state in the
West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem, the lands Israel captured in 1967.
While the move is seen as a symbolic milestone in
Palestinian ambitions for statehood, the Yes vote will also have a practical
diplomatic effect, says the BBC's Barbara Plett at the UN in New York.
A successful application for membership of the ICC would give the court
jurisdiction in the territories, and could potentially be used to accuse
Israelis of war crimes.
"This is a whole new ball-game now. Israel will be dealing with a member of
the international community, a state called Palestine with rights," the
Palestinian Liberation Organisation's Hanan Ashrawi told the BBC.
"We will have access to international organisations and agencies and we will
take it from there."
There had been lobbying by Israel and the US to try to delay the vote or
change the text to obtain guarantees that no international legal action would be
taken against Israel.Settlement-building
Last year, Mr Abbas asked the UN Security Council to admit the Palestinians as a
member state, but that was opposed by the US.
Two decades of on-off negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian
Authority (PA) in the West Bank have failed to produce a permanent settlement,
with the latest round of direct negotiations breaking down in 2010.
In January, several months of indirect "proximity talks" ended without any
Palestinian negotiators insist that the building of Jewish settlements on
occupied land must stop before they agree to resume direct talks.
Their Israeli counterparts say there can be no preconditions.
Mr Abbas was much criticised by many Palestinians for remaining on the
sidelines of the conflict between the militant Hamas movement and Israel earlier
this month in Gaza.
His Fatah movement, based in the West Bank, is deeply split from Hamas, which
governs Gaza. Fatah has not been part of any peace talks with Israel and does
not recognise Israel's right to exist.
Israel, the US and EU regard Hamas as a terrorist organisation.
Gaza's Prime Minister Ismael Haniyeh said in a statement sent to the BBC that
Hamas support for the UN bid "is based on the 'rule of non-recognition of the
occupier'... and the right of Palestinians to return to their homeland".
In the aftermath of the latest fighting, both Israel and Hamas have joined
the international community in calling for a durable and comprehensive solution
to the conflict.